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When people sign up for the Everest Base Camp Trek, they are overwhelmed by expectations. And why not? It’s completely justified, as without a doubt, Everest Base Camp trek is the most wonderful trek out there. Everything that you see and experience in this trek is absolutely stunning. It is for a reason that trekkers, once they finish trekking, are engulfed in mixed emotions and a particular sadness at the time when the journey ends. Though they should be happy, as they’re returning home, they simply can’t. And they take this vow to return to the region again, and they do come back, maybe in a year or 10 years, for one more round. It is things like these that has made Everest Base Camp trek so special.
One of the most crucial things about the Everest Base Camp trek is the culture in the region. People belonging to different communities live here, and all of them have their own unique traditions, lifestyles and religious beliefs. You’ll find people belonging to indigenous tribes like Gurungs, Magars, Rais, Sherpas, Tamangs, and so on living in this region. Also, you’ll find Tibetans in the region. These people are originally from Tibet, but after years of living in Nepal, they have become an integrated part of the country. All these groups have their own philosophies about how one should live their life. It’s usually quite an interesting experience to explore all of these.
The religion that is dominant in the region is Buddhism, which is evident by the fact that you will find numerous Buddhist relics and heritages like monasteries, stupas, gompas, chortens, and so on scattered on the Everest Base Camp trek route. The most significant religious heritage of the region is Tengboche Monastery in Tengboche village. People from all over Khumbu visit the place during special occasions, whether it’s moments of sadness and grief, or its times of happiness and celebrations.
Everest Base Camp trek route is a part of Sagarmatha National Park, which is one of the most significant protected areas of Nepal, and even the world, as it has been retaining few of the rarest species of plants and animals out there. During your Everest Base Camp trek, you will walk through forests with so many different kinds of trees, such as Rhododendron, Pine, Fir, Birch, Juniper and so on. If you’re lucky enough, you could spot animals like Himalayan Black Bear, Musk Dear, and even Snow Leopards, and birds like Himalayan Monal, Red-Billed Chough, Blood Pheasant, and so on.
You will cross and walk alongside rivers like Dudh Koshi on the Everest Base Camp trek. You will come across waterfalls with the clearest waters that you would have ever seen. You will have to cross high altitude passes and ascend mini peaks like Kala Patthar, which will offer you truly magnificent views of the mountains in the entire region. The peaks that you’d spot on the Everest Base Camp trek are Everest, Ama Dablam, Lhotse, Nuptse, Thamserku, Cho Oyu, Pumori, and so on.
Though your trip starts the moment you board your flight back home, the thrill actually begins when you land on the Lukla Airport, which is considered as the most dangerous airport in the world. What makes it so dangerous is the short length of its runway, and what follows after the runway, which is a deep scary gorge. Everest Base Camp trek is an amalgamation of adventure and fun, natural and human elements, and emotional connection. Combined, all these aspects offer you the best time of your life on the trek.
“How much does it cost to climb Mount Everest?” Probably, this is one of the most popular questions asked about the peak. There are so many climbers in the world, both aspiring and experienced, who wish to climb Everest someday. It is a crucial thing for them to know how much does it cost to climb Everest. Even the ones who’ve climbed Everest think of doing it one more time because the experience that one gains in this journey is extraordinary. The moment that one lives, staring into the horizon, while standing on the top of the world, surrounded by other peaks, every one of them almost as tall as Everest, is priceless. No amount in the world can equal that point of time, and that is the truth.
Another truth is that the cost to climb Everest depends highly on the climbing partner that you’ve chosen for the expedition. Many climbers have this misconception that the cost of climbing Everest is the same no matter how they decide to go for the climb. If a mountaineer hires an international travel agency to assist them with the climb, the cost to climb Everest will go as high as $45000. However, if they opt a Nepalese expedition company, the cost of climbing Everest drops to the range of $25000 to $40000. An amount of $11000 that is meant to be paid to the Nepalese government as climbing fee is also generally included in the package cost. The cost to climb Everest may fluctuate also depending on the quality and number of gears that you buy, the features of the package offered by the expedition company, the travel expenses, the training fees, if you choose to attend one, and so on.
Climbing Mount Everest is an activity that requires around 60 days. In this time, first you trek up to the base camp, then you go up and down the mountain covering the 2nd and 3rd base camps numerous times. The reason why it’s important is high altitude. Your body needs time to get used to the high altitude, and to ensure that, climbers go up and down the mountain numerous times.
Also, during the climb, the climbers face two main obstacles, and they are strong wind and snowfall. It is advised that the mountaineers shouldn’t attempt the climb when the weather is as such or the consequences could be deadly. So, when choosing the ideal Everest climbing season these factors need to be considered. From the day you start your journey till the end, which is a period of 60 days, the weather should be pleasant enough for you to attempt the climb.
Generally, the ideal Mt. Everest climbing season is considered between the months of mid-March to mid-May. As per the experts, the expedition team should have descended the peak, and reached the base camp by the end of May. From June onwards, the monsoon starts impacting the Everest region, causing both high velocity winds and snowfall on the peaks.
Another great Everest climbing season is between the months of September and November. By this time, the monsoon is already over, and the weather is at its best when it comes to clarity. Also, the amount of high velocity wind and snowfall occurring on the peak goes down significantly offering the trekkers the perfect window to reach the top of the peak.
Now, though the ultimate Mt. Everest climbing season is considered to be Autumn, and the second best Everest climbing season is said to be Spring, things are a little different when it comes to trekking. Though trekkers mainly go for Everest Base Camp trek in Spring and Autumn itself, provided that the weather is right, another Everest Base Camp trek best time of year is Winter, which is between the months of January and March. It’s impossible to climb the peak in this season, but as mentioned, provided that the weather on particular days are not too bad, trekking seems pretty much possible.
Everest Base Camp trek is one of the best treks in Nepal. To ensure that, the Everest Base Camp trek Itinerary is designed in a way that it comprises the best things one can possibly experience in a trekking journey. The Everest Base camp trek itinerary can be divided into three sections: the days when you trek, the days when you acclimatize, and your days in Kathmandu, which is possibly the most relaxed part of the journey. Discover more about Everest Base Camp trek by going through the following Everest Base Camp Trek Itinerary.
You will be welcomed by a Great Nepal Treks and Expeditions representative at the airport. From there you will be transferred to your local Kathmandu hotel. After freshening up you will meet once again with our representative for a briefing on the Everest Base Camp Trek itinerary. At this time, you will receive additional information as well as departure times. The balance of your day will be free time to stroll around the capital city of Kathmandu. Based on the amount of time available to you our representative will offer you suggestions on things to do and sites to see. Enjoy your overnight in Kathmandu.
You start with an early morning departure and transfer to Tribhuvan Airport to board your flight to the Tenzing Hilary Airport in Lukla. After a wonderful 30-minute scenic flight, enjoy your included lunch at a rural site outside of Lukla. Your Everest Base Camp Trek begins here as you trace the Dudh Koshi river on an easy trail to the village of Phakding. Overnight will be in a local tea house in Phakding.
Today, the trail moves along the Dudh Koshi once more. While hiking up, you will be amazed at the Himalayan Pine, Cedar, and Deodar forests. Go through the entrance of the Sagarmatha National Park at the Monjo Village and start an uphill climb to the Namche Bazaar. The Bazaar is the major tourist hub of the Khumbu Region. Along the way, you will get the first glimpses of Mt. Everest, Kusum Kanguru, and Thamserku peaks. If you are an art lover, you should visit the Benkar Village. The village is famous for its Thangkas of Buddhist deities. Also, explore the Granite stones carved with Tibetan chanting along Jorsalle. Overnight in a tea house in Namche.
Today you trek for five hours from Namche to Tengboche. The village is home to the biggest Buddhist monastery of the region. Tengboche is a small traditional Sherpa village in the Khumbu Region. The village offers views of the Everest as well as Lhotse, Thamserku, and Nuptse. Wildlife such as the pheasants, musk deer and Himalayan Thar are often sighted along the trail. Overnight in a tea house in Tengboche.
Today you will get the chance to spot several Chortens and Mani walls on the way to Dingboche. A delicious lunch that will blow your mind is included along the way. The feature of the walk today is a close-up view of Mt. AmaDablam, the Lobuche River, and a beautiful vista of fields. You’ll walk through the rhododendron forests and cross a suspension bridge over ImjaKhola. You will pass through several Sherpa villages. On the way to Dingboche the geography changes from lush forest to dry desert mountains. Overnight is in a tea house in Dingboch where you will stay two nights.
You will now be at the point where acclimatization is important. You have a full day to rest and explore the valleys of Chhukung and Imja Khola. This particular area links with the high passes of Amphu Laptsa and Makalu Barun National Park. Overnight once again in your tea house in Dingboche.
Today you will be accompanied by mountain vistas and snowcapped peaks all along the trek. Enjoy the magnificent views of the mountains Pumori, Nuptse, Cholatse, Thamserku and several other peaks. Keep a lookout for chance encounters with scarce wildlife and vegetation. At the start of your trek, you will have green hills and rocks assisting you. But, as you move up, you will be surrounded by icy fields. As you hike uphill, you will feel the depreciation in oxygen levels. Your destination is Lobuche, a small village that connects with other villages leading to Everest Base Camp. Overnight in a tea house in Lobuche.
The trail winds along a snowy and rocky path to ThangmaRiju for a 360-degree view of the mountains. There you will have the first views of the 5,545 meter high (18,853 ft) Kala Patthar. Gorakshep is the last settlement before hiking up to the Everest Base Camp (5,364 m/17,594 ft). You will leave your belongings at your tea house and hike up to the base of the highest peak in the world. Here you’ll enjoy the views of the Khumbu Glacier and the surrounding peaks of Pumori, Lingren, Khumbutse, and others. Everest Base Camp is full of rocks and icy dust. After taking in as much as time permits you’ll hike back downhill to end the day in Gorakshep. You’ll overnight in your select tea house in Gorakshep.
Early this morning you will summit Kala Patthar. This peak offers a panoramic sunrise view of Mt. Everest. Besides seeing Everest, it also offers a 360-degree view of Nuptse, Cholatse, Pumori, and several other peaks. After enjoying the views of the world’s highest peaks you head back down to Gorakshep for breakfast. The balance of the day will have you descending to Periche where you will overnight in another lovely tea house.
Today’s trek will take you back through magnificent rhododendron and juniper forests past the oldest monastery in the region. Along the trailyou may see mountain goats, snow leopards, colorful pheasants, and several other animals. Time is available to exploreonce again the monastery at Tengboche. You then walk back down the same trail to the Namche Bazaar. Along the way you’ll get additional views of the Mt. Everest, Nuptse, Thamserku, and other peaks. Enjoy the rest of the day wandering around the trade hub of the Sherpa people again. Your overnight will once again be in a tea house in Namche.
Today you will descend from Namche back to the entry point of the Sagarmatha National Park in Monjo. From thereyou’ll cross several suspension bridges over the DudhKoshi and its tributaries. Along the way opportunities to explore the Sherpa lifestyle and culture will present themselves. Your last overnight will be in a tea house in Lukla.
Today you board your return flight to Kathmandu. Upon arrival you will be transferred to your local hotel and have the balance of the day free to shop for souvenirs and dosome local sightseeing. Make sure to get up to the Monkey Temple for spectacular views of the city and to watch the energetic monkeys divieinto the ponds. If time permits you may wish to visit a spa or natural therapy center to soothe those tired muscles. Enjoy your final overnight in Kathmandu at your local hotel.
If your plans today include a departing flight, a Great Nepal Treks and Expeditions representative will escort you to the airport. If you have other plans, we are here to assist you in any way necessary to make that transition. This is how Your Everest Base Camp Trek itinerary, and the journey, will finally come to an end
You will be staying in 3 star hotel (as mentioned in itinerary) while you are in Kathmandu. While visiting the rural areas, especially high altitudes, you will be staying in teahouses. It is important to note that teahouses are small lodges run by locals and are a very popular type of accommodation in high altitudes and rural areas. They tend to be quite on the cheaper side and only offer limited services.It is important to be open-minded and not expect all the services you get in city areas. The rooms are typically small with twin beds, clean blanket, pillow and bed sheet. Normally people tend to carry their own sleeping bags for sanitary reasons. The only area, that is usually heated is the dining area, so be ready to face some cold night. Toilets in teahouses are typical squat-style and are very small but clean. Likewise, hot water is not available, but you can easily get some for a small fee. If you have any other questions related to accommodation, food, and other details during your visit to Nepal, you can always contact our operators who are available 24 X 7 at your service.
To enable all expedition members to acclimatize well and hence maximize their chances of success, our expedition programs are prepared with sufficient time for acclimatization. Adaptation to the altitude takes time and there can be no short-cuts, even if supplementary oxygen is used in the final stages. The atmospheric pressure at the base camp is half of that at the sea level. A thorough program of acclimatization is built into the itinerary which consists of regulated height ascents, followed by descents and rests before the final ascent to the summit. This will prevent the climbers to get rid from altitude sickness
Although our guides carry first aid medical kit, it is better to carry a supply of first aid items for your own personal use according to your health conditions. Here are the list of some general as well as some special medications you may require:
– Antiseptic cream (Betadine)
– Sunblock SPF 30+
– Throat lozenges
– Painkillers and anti-inflammatory such as Aspirin, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen etc.
– Band-aids, bandage, compression bandage and ‘Second Skin’ for blisters
– Re-hydration salts. (Trioral, Electrobin, Oral Rehydrating Salt)
– Dextrose glucose tablets
– Water treatment tablets
– Your prescription medications
– Antibiotics for longer climbing and expedition style trips
You will be affected by high altitude problems if it is your fist trip at a high altitude. The altitude has some important beneficial effects on the human body and your trips have been designed to enable these. Please familiarize yourself with the information on AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) and understand how to avoid it and read on benefits of high altitude and take advantage of these to improve your body’ metabolism.
Altitude sickness is the reaction of the body adjusting to decreasing amounts of oxygen. The high altitude slowly decreases the flow of oxygen means the higher you climb, the flow of oxygen is very thin resulting the malfunction of body. Altitude sickness most commonly occurs from above 2,800 meters (9,200ft) but this is different for everyone – there is simply no way of knowing your own susceptibility prior to being at altitude thus it is vital for you to monitor your own health. AMS occurs when the body is unable to adopt at the higher altitude having less amount of oxygen. At an altitude of 5490m (18000 ft.), the oxygen availability becomes just the half of the availability at sea level. While only a third of oxygen is available at the summit of Mt. Everest. Symptoms may be mild and subside/go away after a day’s rest, or if it is ignored it could lead to death.
Symptoms can appear within 1-2 hours although most often appear 6-10 hours after ascent and generally subside in 1-2 days as the body adjusts to altitude. They may reappear as you continue to go higher. Symptoms of AMS usually occur gradually and can be one or a combination of the following:
• Headache: Due to the less amount of oxygen in air, the blood influences the blood vessels to spread wide in order to supply more oxygen to the brain and which cause them to show the early symptom of AMS.
• Dopiness: The trekkers or climbers feel very sleepy but could not.
• Shortness of breath: The breathing pattern changes as the breathing becomes faster and deeper than normal in order to get enough oxygen and rapid pulse
• Loss of appetite and nausea: Despite of physical exercise, the trekkers don’t have an appetite to eat.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
If one accumulates of fluid in the lungs and mild fever then, there is a chance of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE). The filling of fluid in the lungs is Pulmonary Edema. The fluid blocks the passage of fresh oxygen to get into the lungs which causes the shortage of oxygen. Though the exact reason for the HAPE has not been identified, scientists think that pressure of blood vessel around the lungs is directly proportional to the altitude. As a result the smaller blood vessels leak allowing the fluid to escape to the lungs. The treatment for the HAPE victims is to give the oxygen at the rate of 4 liters a minute, using Portable Altitude Chamber (PAC). In case of unavailability of PAC bag or oxygen, one is taken down to the low altitude which is the only way of life-saving. HAPE can also lead to unconsciousness which may also results to death in a short period of time.
High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
HACE is the accumulation of fluid in the brain due of the swollen blood vessels to the brain. HACE is also seen within a couple of hours and can send the patient to coma and take his/her life in just few hours likewise to HAPE. The excessive flow of blood to the brain due to the low-level oxygen causes vasodilation which eventually leads to leakage of blood vessels to the brain. A 4 to 8mg of dexamethasone is given as a first dose to those who suffer from such sickness and then 4mg Diamox is given an every six hours gap. Similarly, 2-4 liters/minute oxygen is given and one is taken to down if it is necessary.
– A dry cough, developing to a wet one with blood-tinged discharge or saliva
– Tightness in the chest & blueness/darkness of face, lips & tongue
– Low fever up to 38°C/100°F
– Severe fatigue, progressing to coma
– Severe headache symptoms not relieved by painkillers or lying down
– Confusion, disorientation & drowsiness
– Loss of balance or coordination
– Blurred or double vision/retinal hemorrhage
Certain medical conditions (such as respiratory disease) or medications (such as sleeping pills) can increase the risk of altitude sickness – it is important that you inform your guide of any medical conditions or medications before ascending to altitude. You can help your body to acclimatize and avoid altitude sickness by:
– Avoiding alcohol, tobacco and substances that can interfere with good delivery of oxygen to the body or cause dehydration
– Eating small, frequent meals high in carbohydrates
– Drinking plenty of water – the test of sufficient amount of water intake is ability to urinate colorless urine
– Taking it easy or have a rest. Walk at a slower pace than you would at sea level and avoid over-exertion
– Climb the mountain gradually and stop for a day or two of rest for every 600m/2000ft above 2,400m/8000ft
– Climb high but Sleep at a lower altitude if possible
– Learn how to recognize early symptoms of mountain sickness
Most travelers are able to successfully acclimatize by following the previously mentioned guidelines. However, there are instances where medical treatment is required. Ultimately, the best treatment for acute mountain sickness (AMS) is to descend to a lower altitude and rest. Early diagnosis is important. Acute mountain sickness is easier to treat in the early stages. The guide will monitor you all the time for symptoms and will pace you appropriately to minimize your exposure to AMS.Cooperating with the guide and reporting if any of the above-described symptoms are seen allows your guide to undertaking appropriate and timely action to minimize your exposure to AMS. Sufficient time for acclimatization (After 3000 meters) is also another method to minimize AMS. Following precautions can be done in order to get rid of AMS:
Don’t ascent up rapidly.
• Never use alcohol, sleeping pills and smoking.
• Drink more fluid 3-4 liters a day, clean boiled water / tea / coffee / soup / juice etc.
• Climb high and sleep low.
• Don’t go trekking alone, take guide/porter.
• Follow the advice from your guide, hotel, local people, guidebook.
• Descent if mild symptoms rapidly getting worse.
• Never leave or descent sick person along.
• Avoid getting cold.
• Take an easy and comfortable trekking route even if it is longer.
• Sleep more than normal.
Your Guide will carry some medications in First Aid Kit and may suggest for medication such as Ibuprofen, Paracetamol, combination of them or specific AMS medication. Standard and effective medication for prevention of AMS is Acetazolamide (Diamox) and it may be given to help improve breathing and reduce mild symptoms. This drug can cause increased urination. Ensure you drink plenty of fluids and avoid alcohol when taking this drug.With severe cases of AMS, our guide will contact our office in Kathmandu and arrange your evacuation by helicopter. Before we accept you on the trek we will require that you purchase health and travel insurance including helicopter rescue and hospitalization.
You never know when the unexpected situation comes and put you in hearse condition. So such cases you will be rescued by Helicopter. You are entirely liable for all the expenses incurred in evacuation. So, before coming to Nepal, please make your travel insurance. Ask your guide to arrange a runner to the nearest communication point and inform office about requirement of a helicopter. For evacuation, we require the name of the sick person and the exact location from where helicopter can airlift you. You should not leave the place after calling Helicopter for evacuation though you are feeling better than before.
On the trek, there is a facility of purchasing safe drinking water in teahouses.It is better if you carry the water purifying pills on your own. On camping trek, the water will be treated with Potassium permanganate or Iodine. On the trail, water from the streams is safe to drink, but better not to use it directly for drinking.
Security and a safe journey is our core objective of trekking. Our guide holds licenses issued by the Nepal Government and our staffs are local, honest, kind and genuine. But we also insist you to take care of your own personal belongings. If you are on ‘camping trek’ please take your main bag inside the tent once you reach campsite and put all bags and belongings in the middle of the tent when you feel sleepy. Your guide assigns a Sherpa on turn wise basis to guard the campsite throughout the night. If you are on ‘Tea house arrangement, never leave your baggage unattended and keep your lodge room locked when you go out.